### An Explantion of Hubble Redshift due to the Global Non-Holon

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**Чт янв 08, 2009 12:11**An Explantion of Hubble Redshift due to the Global Non-Holonomity of Space.

http://www.ptep-online.com/index_files/ ... -16-L1.PDF

January, 2009 PROGRESS IN PHYSICS Volume 1

LETTERS TO PROGRESS IN PHYSICS

An Explantion of Hubble Redshift due to the Global

Non-Holonomity of Space

Dmitri Rabounski

E-mail: rabounski@ptep-online.com

In General Relativity, the change of the energy of a freely moving photon should be

the solution to the scalar equation of the isotropic geodesic equations, which manifests

the work produced on the photon being moved along the path. I solved the equation

in terms of physical observables (Zelmanov, Physics Doklady, 1956, v. 1, 227?230),

and in the large scale approximation, i.e. with gravitation and deformation neglected in

the space, while supposing the isotropic space to be globally non-holonomic (the time

lines are non-orthogonal to the spatial section, a condition manifested by the rotation of

the space). The solution is E =E0 exp(��

2at=c), where

is the angular velocity of

the space (it meets the Hubble constant H0 =c=a=2:310��18 s��1), a is the radius of

the Universe, t=r=c is the time of the photon?s travel. So a photon loses energy with

distance due to the work against the field of the space non-holonomity. According to the

solution, the redshift should be z = exp(H0 r=c)��1H0 r=c. This solution explains

both the redshift z =H0 r=c observed at small distances and the non-linearity of the

empirical Hubble law due to the exponent (at large r). The ultimate redshift, according

to the theory, should be z = exp()��1=22:14.

http://www.ptep-online.com/index_files/ ... -16-L1.PDF

January, 2009 PROGRESS IN PHYSICS Volume 1

LETTERS TO PROGRESS IN PHYSICS

An Explantion of Hubble Redshift due to the Global

Non-Holonomity of Space

Dmitri Rabounski

E-mail: rabounski@ptep-online.com

In General Relativity, the change of the energy of a freely moving photon should be

the solution to the scalar equation of the isotropic geodesic equations, which manifests

the work produced on the photon being moved along the path. I solved the equation

in terms of physical observables (Zelmanov, Physics Doklady, 1956, v. 1, 227?230),

and in the large scale approximation, i.e. with gravitation and deformation neglected in

the space, while supposing the isotropic space to be globally non-holonomic (the time

lines are non-orthogonal to the spatial section, a condition manifested by the rotation of

the space). The solution is E =E0 exp(��

2at=c), where

is the angular velocity of

the space (it meets the Hubble constant H0 =c=a=2:310��18 s��1), a is the radius of

the Universe, t=r=c is the time of the photon?s travel. So a photon loses energy with

distance due to the work against the field of the space non-holonomity. According to the

solution, the redshift should be z = exp(H0 r=c)��1H0 r=c. This solution explains

both the redshift z =H0 r=c observed at small distances and the non-linearity of the

empirical Hubble law due to the exponent (at large r). The ultimate redshift, according

to the theory, should be z = exp()��1=22:14.